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Above Image: Various types of tomatoes plotted as points on a graph

Definition: The skill of displaying data involves organizing and presenting data collected during an inquiry in various visual forms for the purpose of summarizing results and deriving conclusions.

Displaying Data is important because…

  • it develops student understanding of the relationships that were explored during inquiry explorations and investigations
  • displaying data in different visual forms (e.g., table, bar chart, line graph, etc.) provides opportunities to observe and describe trends and patterns
  • it is interconnected with skills such as summarizing, comparing and contrasting, inferring, evaluating and making conclusions

Teaching and Learning Displaying Data:

Students

Educators

Observe data displayed in different formats

Provide students with opportunities to observe different types of data represented in a variety of formats. Ask students what information they can find out from different data displays (e.g., concrete objects displays, pictorial representations, tables, charts, graphs, infographics, etc.).

Display data using concrete objects

Model and provide student opportunities to display data using concrete objects (e.g., real objects, blocks, manipulatives, etc.).

Display data using pictorial representatives of data

Model and provide student opportunities to display data using pictorial representatives of data (e.g., image stickers, craft sticks, tally marks, etc.).

Display data using simple charts and tables

See the Class Daily Germination Table-Exemplar K-3 and Class Daily Germination Table-Exemplar 4-12

Model the construction and compilation of data charts and tables.

See the Data to Tables learning strategy

Convert raw data in charts and tables into different graphic formats

Model how to convert data from one display format to another (e.g., convert data from a table to a bar graph, or from a diagram to an infographic, etc.) and have student practice putting raw data into different graphic formats.

See the Tables to Graphs and Infographic Creator learning strategies.

Compile and display data using digital tools (e.g., MS Excel, online graphing programs, etc.)

Introduce methods and formats for compiling and displaying data digitally, with consideration of stage of development and curricular requirements.

Select formats to best display collected data.

With support, have students compare the data display options and make decisions as to how to most appropriately display data and observations.

See the Data to Tables, Tables to Graphs, and Infographic Creator learning strategies.